The lifeblood of Ferrari, particularly in the early years, was competition. It is a widely held belief that the creation of road-going versions of the competition sports cars existed almost solely to support Il Commendatore’s racing effort. In many instances, engineering advances developed for battle can be traced directly to the road cars, such as the pioneering weight-balancing use of the transaxle from the 275 series GTs.
Ferrari’s competition teeth were cut along with the continuous progress of the small-displacement V12 engineered by Gioacchino Colombo, the first of which was deployed in 1947 as the 125 S. A progression of yet-larger engines was developed based on this original design, with many types attaining impressive racing victories, notably the 166 MM and the 212 Export.
A more powerful 2.7-liter version of the venerable 212 Export competition model was introduced in 1952 and christened the 225 Sport. The 225 S performed with distinction, including notable finishes in the Mille Miglia, the Targa Florio, Coppa d’Oro delle Dolomiti, the Portuguese Grand Prix — and a 1-2-3 finish at the 1952 Monaco Grand Prix.
The innovative Tuboscocca frame was a special chassis with double outer tubes joined together with a truss-like arrangement. It strengthened the platform and formed a skeleton on which body panels could be mounted. This saved weight with no compromise to structural rigidity.
Nearly all Ferraris of the early era were coachbuilt by various Italian design houses, and none were more distinctive than those styled by Carrozzeria Vignale. Virtually no two Vignale-bodied Ferraris are precisely alike, and the six 225 S Berlinettas were no exception.
0168ED raced at the 12 Hours of Sebring in March of 1953, finishing 8th position overall and 2nd in class. Later that year, the car placed 4th overall at Bridgehampton. It later took 2nd place at the 1955 Sagua-to-Havana Rally, followed by an outright win at the Cuban Sports Car Grand Prix. Thanks to this impressive display, 0168ED was featured in the 1955 Ferrari Yearbook.
0168ED was later fitted with a Chevrolet small-block V8, which has been switched to a Ferrari 250 GT engine supplemented with genuine 225 S components. The Ferrari gearbox and differential are of original type and specification. Recently, the engine was rebuilt, and a synchromesh 5-speed gearbox was added for ease of road use. The period unit remains with the car.
The 225 is offered with a complete history report by Marcel Massini, archival images, copies of the original Ferrari build sheets, correspondence, articles, invoices, and the original tool roll.
Chassis 0168ED is an extraordinary example of this rare breed, with an impressive competition history and documented ownership chain. It is fully capable of attaining further victories in events such as the Le Mans Classic, Goodwood, Tour Auto, and the Mille Miglia, as well as the more relaxed tours, such as the Colorado Grand and the California Mille.